India Needs To Acquire New Quick-Reaction Air Defense Missile System
According to the India Today newspaper website, Indian army looks to acquire a new air defense systems offering better performances than foreign products. The DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization) of India has accepted to develop a new type of air defense missile system.
The Indian army would like to acquire new missile systems to equip eight regiments of Quick Reaction-Surface to Air Missiles. According to the needs of the army, the new missile should have the ability to destroy aerial target at a maximum range of 20 km. The goal of the Indian Army is to replace the old Soviet-made SA-8 OSA-AK which was developed 40 years ago.
The SA-8 is a Soviet-made mobile air defense using a 6×6 truck chassis designated BAZ-5937. SA-8 Gecko is armed with 6 missiles ready to fire, mounted on the roof of the vehicle. Missile is tracked by radio-command guiding system. Engagement range for the SA-8 Gecko missile is approximately 2–9 km and engagement altitudes of between 50–5000 m. The 9M33M2 “Osa-A” missile extends the ranges out to 1,500 – 10,000m and engagement altitudes to 25 – 5,000 m.
QRSAM due to its high mobility and smaller reaction time will be used to defend forward tactical battlefield area formations when Army is on the move and will be the first line of Aerial Defence under such deployment, QR-SAM when deployed to safeguard military assets can also become last line of defence if Aerial threat couldn’t be neutralised until it comes to close to its target by other Aerial Defence systems .
QR-SAM is like an Ak-47 in Aerial Defence systems and like Ak-47 which is more suited to urban combat and close-range combat, QR-SAM to has similar characters and is a very effective weapon when used under such scenario.
According to the specifications provide by the Indian army to the DRDO for the development of the new air defense missile system, the Army asked the research agency to produce a better system than the products offered by the foreign manufacturers.
In the previous plan, India has requested the supply of three regiments for urgent operational requirements for the Indian Land Forces, but DRDO has offered to produce equipment for five regiments under the “Make in India” program.
As per reports, the missile is equipped to for quick reaction and the system is all weather enabled, a network-centric one, which is also capable of search-on-the-move. The missile is a truck-mounted one with 360 degree rotatable, electronic-mechanically operated, turret-based launch unit.
DRDO has confirmed its capacity to develop a new missile able to flight at a speed of 700 to 800m/sec. The radar developed for the new air defense missile system will have more capabilities and an extended range than the foreign proposal.
Akash Aerial Defence system still plays an important role in India’s Air Defence Umbrella and will be used to safeguarding Static or Semi-mobile Military/Civilian Infrastructure close to the border and will be highly effective against high flying targets like Fighter aircraft but QR-SAM is more effective against low flying Aerial targets like Attack Helicopters, Armed Drones, Sub-Sonic Cruise missiles which are most likely Aerial threats which forward tactical battlefield area formations will face .
Indian Navy also has requirements for large quantity of QRSAM which once installed in front line warships will be used to protect warships against low flying Aerial targets like Attack Helicopters, Armed Drones, Sub-Sonic Cruise missiles and also will be the last line of defence against Aerial threats and also will be very effective close-combat weapon against Aerial threats.
Source:- Defence Aviation Post